National Reserve of Titicaca
Location: Department of Puno, provinces of Puno and Huancané.
Area: 36,180 hectares.
Creation: October 1978.
Unit for the conservation and protecting of the flora, fauna and scenic beauty of the Lake Titicaca. Also to maintain the cultural traditions from the surrounding populations of the lake and those related with the rational use of the resources; intangible area.
The reserve is divided in two sectors, one located on the Chucuito bay (Puno sector) and the other to the north, denominated Ramis in the province of Huancané.
The Lake Titicaca harbors numerous species of flora, birds, fish and amphibians, some of them unique in their specie. Special places, excellent choice for the ecological tourism lovers and the observation of these species.
In the flora mainly outstands the totora (Quechua voice) (Typha angustifolia) it is a plant with a flat and flexible shaft, reed specie, used in the construction of crafts, houses and artificial islands (See Uros). The totora group is denominated totoral.
Some species of fish native from the lake, as the suche, carachi, pejerrey, boga (Orestias pentlandii), among other, have been threatened and diminished in quantity, due to the artificial introduction of the trout.
In the reserve, dozens of birds, fish, and amphibious species have been registered like flamingos or parihuanas, Andean goose, seagulls, Titicaca grebes, chullumpis and Andean lapwings as well as numerous endemic and endangered species. You will find twelve varieties of aquatic plants representative of the lake flora, the most remarkable being the totora reeds and algae.